HISTORIES AND PROGRESS REPORTS

1875 Pictorial Saint Louis - 1875: A Topographical Survey Drawn in Perspective A.D.
1917 Problems of St. Louis
1940 Historical Information and Reports on St. Louis
1953 An American City: Four Year's Progress -St. Louis 1949 to 1953
1964 Population
1969 History: Physical Growth of the City of Saint Louis
1973 Saint Louis Development Program
1978 Historic St. Louis - An Architectural Survey of the Central Business District
1978 History of St. Louis Neighborhoods (Series)
1978 Economic Development Strategy Recommendations for the City of St. Louis
1981 Report on St. Louis


PICTORIAL SAINT LOUIS - 1875:

A TOPOGRAPHICAL SURVEY DRAWN IN PERSPECTIVE

By: Drawn by Camille N. Dry and Designed and Edited by Rich J. Compton Reprinted by Harry M. Hagen in 1971
Pub: 1971
Web Address: http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.gmd/g4164sm.gpm00001

This historical document was written and drawn in 1875 with a Northwest perspective of the City. The survey area extended Northward from Arsenal Island to the Water Works, a distance of about ten miles on the Riverfront, and from the Insane Asylum on the Southwest, to the cemeteries on the Northwest. The maps were drawn in topographic perspective, including sketches of land formations and structures existing at that time; each map has labels of structures and places relative to their importance. The text illustrates the cultural character of the City of St. Louis.

The following topics were discussed: a historical sketch of St. Louis; demographics; real estate; education (public schools and universities); transportation; insurance (fire and life); churches; the fire department; parks; the Missouri Historical Society; the Metropolitan Police; the St. Louis Press; libraries; the St. Louis Bridge; the Riverfront; the St. Louis Bar; architecture and architects; the Chamber of Commerce; convents; and public charities.

Return to the top of this section


1917 PROBLEMS OF ST. LOUIS

By: City Plan Commission
Pub: no date listed

At the turn of the century, several negative urban trends were emerging. By 1915, the population of St. Louis was a total of 745,988. This peak in growth in St. Louis history led to problems in transit and transportation, hence, property decline. Several recommendations were discussed:

Return to the top of this section


1940 HISTORICAL INFORMATION AND REPORTS ON ST. LOUIS (1940-1970)

By: Compiled by an Employee of the City Plan Commission
Pub: no date listed

This document was compiled by an unknown city official. This assortment of historical reports begins with a copy of Ordinance #44022; this Ordinance provides for the adoption of a comprehensive city plan of the City of St. Louis and the establishment of a city planning commission. A copy of the Model City Charter Article VIII is presented, along with a copy of St. Louis Facts that is put out by the St. Louis Chamber of Commerce. In addition, a series of hand-typed demographics about St. Louis was inserted.

This binder is full of hand typed statistics, cut-outs from city plans and other pieces of information from unknown sources. Although, this document is a medley of cut-outs and mismatched papers, the document has been categorized by subject: geographic, the Central Business District, streets and transit, inter-city transportation, commercial, public utilities, government, finance and taxation, population, residential, public housing, redevelopment, waterfront, recreation, education and social facilities, recreation plan, school population and location, and welfare and health services.

In addition, there were tabs made for subjects that were never filled. My guess is that whoever made this binder was trying to collect significant segments of historical plans or reports from the 1940s to the 1970s in such a way that it could be used a quick reference or resource guide.

Return to the top of this section


1953 AN AMERICAN CITY: FOUR YEAR'S PROGRESS

ST. LOUIS 1949 to 1953

By: City Plan Commission
Pub: March 1953

This report summarizes the civic improvements that were either under construction or have been completed between the years of 1949 - 1953. The purpose of this report was to commemorate those who have contributed to the civic change of St. Louis; including the Mayor, Civic Progress, Inc., and other government departments. The report highlighted projects that were considered major contributions to the progression of the City of St. Louis.

The following areas of so called improvements were discussed:

Return to the top of this section


1964 POPULATION

By: City Plan Commission
Pub: no date listed

This population report identifies and graphs significant U.S. Census of Population on the City of St. Louis and several surrounding counties through the years 1930 - 1960. The purpose of this report was to highlight the population characteristics of the St. Louis metropolitan area, to identify the significant changes in population characteristics over thirty years, and to analyze the population trends in terms of future city planning. Two types of population characteristics were measured. This included quantitative measures such as numbers of people, distribution, racial composition, density and migration; and qualitative measures such as age composition, education, occupation and income.

By 1960, several population trends show the continuing decline in St. Louis City living:

Return to the top of this section


1969 HISTORY: PHYSICAL GROWTH OF THE CITY OF SAINT LOUIS

By: City Plan Commission
Pub: no date listed

The purpose of this document was to create a reference that documents the historical physical development of the City of St. Louis. This report gives a general summary of the main historical eras that had taken place from 1764 to 1968.

Using several significant historical periods, this report successfully illustrates the physical growth of the City. The following historical eras were discussed: Colonial Period: (1764-1804), Territorial Period (1804-1821), Boom Town (1821- 1861), Civil War Period (1861-1865), The Golden Age (1865-1900), World's Fair Period (1900-1914), Wars, Prosperity, Depression (1914-1945), and Mid 20th Century (1945-1968).

Several factors that led to the physical change of St. Louis City were subjects for discussion throughout the text. These included subjects like the French settlement and the French established fur trade, the development of St. Louis as a river town, migration trends, city limits expansion, significant transportation innovations such as street cars, railroads, cars and highways, and the construction of housing, businesses, manufacturing, and civic structures, etc.

Return to the top of this section


1973 SAINT LOUIS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM

By: City Plan Commission
Pub: June 1973

The St. Louis Development Program document is a report of existing conditions of St. Louis neighborhoods. It looks at the various programs that would be instrumental in creating social and economic stability for each area. This document primarily focuses on the residential neighborhoods and their communities, however, efforts have been made to look at downtown, commercial and industrial districts as well. This development program provides an overall strategy of development action in two time phases: a short range development program for early action and a long range development program that would extend over a fifteen year period.

The objectives of the development program are as follows:

The short range development program focused on the most critical urban problems and areas of the City. The greatest emphasis was placed on reconstruction and rehabilitation, restoration, and neighborhood improvement. The long range development program was based on the fundamentals of the short range program where by this program would eliminate substandard living conditions and attempt to establish a strong economic base for the City and the region.

Return to the top of this section


1978 HISTORIC ST. LOUIS - AN ARCHITECTURAL SURVEY OF THE CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT

By: Prepared by Kenneth D. Oestreich
For: City of St. Louis Community Development Agency
Pub: no date listed

The purpose of this report was to document the historic architecture of the Central Business District in St. Louis. This document first covers a short history of St. Louis and then proceeds to discuss the profiles of architects who designed what we now consider to be historic buildings in St. Louis' Central Business District. Also, the chronology of architectural styles was highlighted: from the earliest work of French Colonial (1760-1800) to the current St. Louis building styles (1970's).

Each architectural style was defined and examples of the styles were identified by actual buildings built in St. Louis during that era. The majority of this report is an architectural survey of the St. Louis Central Business District. Over 100 buildings were surveyed and a standard profile for each building was prepared and recorded into general survey categories.

Return to the top of this section


1978 HISTORY OF ST. LOUIS NEIGHBORHOODS (SERIES)

By: Norbury L. Wayman for the Community Development Agency
Pub: no date listed
Web address: http://stlouis.missouri.org/neighborhoods/history

These histories were written with the intent to document the various characteristics of St. Louis neighborhoods. The idea was to publish booklets on twenty-seven neighborhoods. The neighborhoods were chosen based on distinctive settings by reason of geography, ethnic or historical characteristics, and historical traits and architecture. The purpose of this series was to provide the reader with a comprehensive sketch of St. Louis neighborhoods, and to heighten interest in the general betterment, rehabilitation and restoration of these areas.

Depending on the neighborhood, booklets contained explanations of the following area characteristics: locale and topography; land divisions; residential; commercial; industrial; architecture; parks; streets; churches; schools; institutions; hospitals; transit and railroads; recent history and renewal; cemeteries; waterworks; fire and police stations; highways; subdivisions; utilities; and important institutions.

There is now an on-line version of these booklets.

Return to the top of this section


1978 ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY RECOMMENDATIONS FOR THE CITY OF ST. LOUIS

By: Hammer, Siler, George Associates
Pub: June 1978

This publication was prepared for the Mayor of St. Louis City through a contract by the Community Development Agency. Its purpose was to identify the policies and strategies that would aid in establishing a solid economic base for the St. Louis area.

Five major economic strategies were recommended:

Return to the top of this section


1981 REPORT ON ST. LOUIS

By: Fantus Company
For: St. Louis Regional Commerce and Growth Association
Pub: no date listed

This economic development study was an approach of analysis, evaluation and strategy for the nine-county region including the City of St. Louis, metropolitan area. This report on St. Louis was designed to determine the components that would expand the regional economic and industrial development of the area.

The following elements were essential to the study:

Return to the top of this section