The area attracted large numbers of German-Americans who had begun arriving here about 1830. After political upheavals in Germany and Bohemia in 1848, a great influx of immigrants from those countries found their way to St. Louis with a substantial portion of them settling in the present Soulard area. One of their principal industries was the breweries, including Eberhard Anheuser's Bavarian Brewery and Adam Lemp's Western Brewery, which later became the City's leading brewers. Among others which flourished in the area during the nineteenth century were the Arsenal Brewery, Anthony and Kuhn's, Excelsior, Green Tree and English breweries.
In addition to the Germans and Bohemians, several other ethnic groups settled in the area, including Syrians, Hungarians, Croatian, Italians and Serbians.